Every day in the world, about 1,900 patients die from antibiotic resistance, equivalent to 700,000 people die each year due to the use of excessive antibiotic-induced antibiotics.
However, AMR figures show that this figure can be up to 10 million people every year by 2050, higher than the number of deaths from cancer every year.
In 2014, Former British Prime Minister David Cameron published a report on the impact of antibiotic greasy status on the global economy. Accordingly, the annual GDP of the world will decrease by 2-3.5% from now until 2050 if countries do not have countermeasures, equivalent to 60-100 trillion USD of GDP lost.
A recent report from the World Bank (World Bank) also identified the world economy will be significantly affected if the situation of antibiotic lubricants is not resolved thoroughly.
Since 1928, human life has changed radically when antibiotics were invented and especially when they were widely commercialized in the 1940s. However, the widespread use of antibiotics in medicine , livestock and agriculture are making the situation worse when the bacteria and viruses start to lubricate.
The situation became so serious that antibiotic lubrication became the main topic in the annual UN council meeting in 2016 and was also a key issue of the G20 health ministers meeting. in last May.
Despite government calls and warnings, pharmaceutical corporations still ignored the antibiotic segment due to the low profit. Currently, the drugs for diabetes, cancer … are the main directions of these companies because they bring many benefits.
Antibiotic development is now less profitable than the popular and popular treatments for chronic diseases such as cancer or diabetes. The 2011 study of the London School of Economics showed that the NPV (net present value) ratio of the injectable antibiotic segment was only about $ 100 million, much lower than the $ 1 billion of the musculoskeletal treatment line. or chronic arthritis.
As a result, many older antibiotics that have not been studied develop the virus to lubricate the drug, while the patients who use it extensively in non-designated antibiotics make the situation worse.
At the beginning of the invention of antibiotics, the problem of unnoticeable drug-resistant viruses by humans constantly created new drugs in the 1950s-1980s. However, the rate at which new antibiotic strains slow down, the number of cases of greasy medication increases and the supply shortage of older antibiotics is causing the health sector to suffer.
Data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP), the country has only 9 new antibiotic lines developed in 2005-2014, much lower than 27 types in the 1980s. The QuintilesIMS Institute report showed that in 2,240 new pharmaceuticals in 2016, only 8% were in the antibiotic line.
Meanwhile, the 2015 study of the CDD Center showed that the amount of antibiotic use in society has increased by 30% in 2000-2010, especially in the health sector as well as livestock.
How is the poultry market poisoning itself?
In countries with diverse ethnicities and religions like India, poultry meat is the safest food when they are not only cheap but also suitable for all kinds of religions. Data from the US Department of Agriculture showed that India consumed 4.5 tons of chicken from the beginning of the year and consumption growth rate reached 30% in 2013-2017, the strongest growth in the world.
However, the country’s livestock industry is facing a major crisis in the country when antibiotics are abused too much, damaging the environment for consumers.
Studies at the 18 largest farms in Punjab-India state show that two-thirds of poultry contain enzymes against most antibiotic strains. Of the birds tested, 87% of the samples contained antibiotic greasy bacteria.
The World Health Organization (WHO) said that poultry now consume twice as many antibiotics as humans because of the need for industrial breeding and meat consumption in many countries, especially those with many religions like India. .
The danger of abuse of antibiotics in livestock is that they do not kill the pathogens, causing the bacteria to survive and develop their own mechanism of greasy medicine, thereby spreading and retaining in the body. as well as water, soil and air.
The World Bank’s September 2016 report showed that the antibiotic greasy crisis could have a very bad impact on the global economy, even worse than the 2008 crisis. The world may have to lost $ 1 trillion for medical expenses between now and 2050 without countermeasures.
In the Punjab farms survey, all farmers admitted to using antibiotics said they were used for disease prevention as well as stimulating growth for poultry.
The consequences of this abuse are enormous when more than 56,000 babies die from infections every year without effective antibiotic treatment.
A 2015 report shows that the use of antibiotics in livestock in some Indian states may increase fourfold between now and 2030 due to increased demand for poultry.
Currently, not only India, the large poultry consuming countries like China are also increasing the use of antibiotics for livestock to meet the food needs of a very large part of the people whose income goes up. when the economy exploded.