Elizabeth Garrett Anderson was the woman overcome stiff opposition to become the first female doctor in the UK. She is also a political activist pioneer, paving the way for other women, creating a precedent for women yearn doctor protecting women’s rights.
Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, who?
Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (June 9, 1836 – December 17, 1917) was a physician and political movement pioneer, the woman He first qualified as a doctor and was elected to the school board in the UK . She is the first female mayor and the judge started in England. Elizabeth opened a pioneering medical school and health education for British women. She even broke the border barriers continued to become female French doctor first.
Born in Whitechapel, London, she was one of 12 children of a pawn. She was well educated and determined to become a doctor after meeting Elizabeth Blackwell – first female graduate doctors in the United States.
Elizabeth began the task pave the way for medical education, she spent six months as a nurse, learned Latin and chemistry at Middlesex Hospital. Against the objections, she was allowed into the operating room and chemistry lecture.
However, after six months the male students began to protest her presence in the field and put pressure on hospitals to refuse admission Elizabeth with her gender reasons. Despite receiving support from the hospital, but she left the Middlesex Hospital with a certificate of honor in chemistry and physical media.
September 28, 1865, Elizabeth had passed the exam with the highest score of the year and achieve a license to practice medicine from the Association of Apothecaries. After her performance, the Association of Apothecaries have changed their regulations to prohibit women in the association. Until 1876 Medical Act was enacted, the British authorities are allowed medical degree, regardless of sex.
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1865, Elizabeth opened her own workout at Berkeley Street, London. At first, patients with rare but over time, many patients begin to. Her patients are often poor and women with children. By the end of 1865, an outbreak of cholera swept through London caused demand for doctors increases, and prejudices about women’s sex becomes less important. She expanded her scope includes a clinic for women and children to get drugs. Her contribution has received a lot of attention with only 3,000 new patients in the first year of operation.
1870, Elizabeth had learned French in order to achieve a medical degree in France when she heard Paris Sorbonne University in favor of women becoming medical students. Elizabeth Garrett was elected to the School Board in London on local education. She was also the first woman to be admitted in this unit.
In 1871 she married James Anderson and had three children. Combined with the mother, all this new responsibility makes Elizabeth overwhelmed with work. She gave up her position in the school board and private doctors. 1872, her private clinic has expanded and it became Hospital for Women and Children, specialized treatment for women about gynecological diseases.
1874, Elizabeth Garrett Sophia Jex Blake and co-founder of the Women’s Medical School in London. This is the first teaching hospital of British women. From 1883 to 1902, Elizabeth Garrett is the dean of the hospital, and later she became part of the University College London.
In 1873, Garrett became members of the BMA. Membership has been accepted, but society has changed the rules to not allow women to become members of the BMA in the next 19 years. However, the pioneering work of Garrett as a doctor influential in an Act of Parliament in 1876 to allow women to participate in the health sector.
In 1908, Garrett became mayor of Aldeburgh – the first woman mayor served in England, active in the movement for the rights of women. She is also a founding member of the Women’s Rights Committee and participated He spoke in favor of women’s suffrage.
Elizabeth Garrett Anderson died on December 17, 1917 and was buried in the church of Saint Peter and St. Paul, Aldeburgh.
Elizabeth Garrett Anderson achieved many remarkable achievements of the first contributions of women in medicine and the social life of England. Elizabeth accomplishments achieved through struggle and perseverance. Once banned in medical school, she learned through a private tutor. Although the system prevents women medical degree, she has found the way out and pass the medical exam with the highest score.