Human papillomavirus is the most common, sexually transmitted infection there is and the main cause of genital warts. Men demonstrate specific symptoms once they have the virus.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) affects the skin and moist membranes that line the body. It is a group of more than 100 viruses, and different types of HPV occur in different areas of the body.
HPV types 6 and 11 cause more than 90 percentTrusted Source of genital warts in men and women. HPV types 16 and 18 cause most HPV-related cancers.
HPV symptoms in men
Although most men affected by HPV do not show any symptoms, some develop growths or warts.
These may occur on the:
groin and thighs
tongue and top of the mouth
Genital warts can be small or large, flat or raised, or cauliflower-shaped.
They might appear as a bump or group of bumps in the area surrounding the penis, anus, or genitals.
These warts do not often hurt but can be unsightly.
HPV is not cancer, but the infection can cause changes in the body that may lead to cancer.
A doctor may not diagnose cancer for years after a person has HPV because the changes in the cells HPV has infected build up very slowlyTrusted Source.
The symptoms of HPV-related anal cancer include:
bleeding, discharge, pain, or itching of the anus
swelling of the lymph nodes in the anal or groin area
changes in bowel habits or the shape of stools
Penile cancer can lead to:
tissue changes on the penis, such as color, skin thickening, or tissue buildup
painful or painless sores or growths on the penis that might bleed
Cancer of the back of the throat can trigger:
constant sore throat or ear pain
trouble breathing or swallowing
voice changes or hoarseness
lumps or growths in the neck
Medicine has not yet found a way of distinguishing temporary HPV from HPV that could progress into cancer.
HPV transmits through direct and intimate contact, including sexual contact, for both men and women. The virus can spread from one person to another through oral, anal, or vaginal sex, or if the skin touches that of another person.
If someone has HPV, they can spread the virus, even when they have never had visible symptoms.
The chance of a person contracting HPV increases due to certain factors, including:
a sexual history that includes multiple partners
age as infection occurs more often in adolescence or young adulthood
People should consult a doctor if warts of any kind appear on the genitals, or if warts occur that cause discomfort or pain.